3.1 Phonics and Word Recognition

Distinguishing Long and Short Vowel Sounds

When a vowel has a long sound, it says its name.

Long A tape
Long E theme
Long I fine
Long O hope
Long U cute

To hear the differences between short and long vowel sounds, remember these rhymes:

A’s my name. E’s my name. I’s my name.
Two sounds I make: Two sounds for me: Two sounds have I:
Short a in lamb, Short e in hen, Short i in pig,
Long a in rake. Long e in he. Long i in mite.
O’s my name. U’s my name.
Two sounds I know: Two sounds I use:
Short o in stop, Short u in cub,
Long o in go. Long u in fuse.

Read the words below to help you hear the difference between short and long vowel sounds.

/a/ and /ā/ pan pane ran rain
/e/ and /ē/ deck deep head heel
/i/ and /ī/ bit bite hid hide
/o/ and /ō/ hop hope sock soak
/u/ and /ū/ mud mule fuss fuse

When you are ready, click the link below to Practice distinguishing long and short vowels.

For additional practice distinguishing long and short vowels, follow the links below.

Then click on Main Page to learn about Distinguishing Long and Short Vowel Sounds.